lxml.isoschematron package

Module contents

The lxml.isoschematron package implements ISO Schematron support on top of the pure-xslt ‘skeleton’ implementation.

class lxml.isoschematron.Schematron(etree=None, file=None, include=True, expand=True, include_params={}, expand_params={}, compile_params={}, store_schematron=False, store_xslt=False, store_report=False, phase=None, error_finder=//svrl:failed-assert)[source]

Bases: _Validator

An ISO Schematron validator.

Pass a root Element or an ElementTree to turn it into a validator. Alternatively, pass a filename as keyword argument ‘file’ to parse from the file system.

Schematron is a less well known, but very powerful schema language. The main idea is to use the capabilities of XPath to put restrictions on the structure and the content of XML documents.

The standard behaviour is to fail on failed-assert findings only (ASSERTS_ONLY). To change this, you can either pass a report filter function to the error_finder parameter (e.g. ASSERTS_AND_REPORTS or a custom XPath object), or subclass isoschematron.Schematron for complete control of the validation process.

Built on the Schematron language ‘reference’ skeleton pure-xslt implementation, the validator is created as an XSLT 1.0 stylesheet using these steps:

  1. (Extract from XML Schema or RelaxNG schema)

  2. Process inclusions

  3. Process abstract patterns

  4. Compile the schematron schema to XSLT

The include and expand keyword arguments can be used to switch off steps 1) and 2). To set parameters for steps 1), 2) and 3) hand parameter dictionaries to the keyword arguments include_params, expand_params or compile_params. For convenience, the compile-step parameter phase is also exposed as a keyword argument phase. This takes precedence if the parameter is also given in the parameter dictionary.

If store_schematron is set to True, the (included-and-expanded) schematron document tree is stored and available through the schematron property. If store_xslt is set to True, the validation XSLT document tree will be stored and can be retrieved through the validator_xslt property. With store_report set to True (default: False), the resulting validation report document gets stored and can be accessed as the validation_report property.

Here is a usage example:

>>> from lxml import etree
>>> from lxml.isoschematron import Schematron

>>> schematron = Schematron(etree.XML('''
... <schema xmlns="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron" >
...   <pattern id="id_only_attribute">
...     <title>id is the only permitted attribute name</title>
...     <rule context="*">
...       <report test="@*[not(name()='id')]">Attribute
...         <name path="@*[not(name()='id')]"/> is forbidden<name/>
...       </report>
...     </rule>
...   </pattern>
... </schema>'''),
... error_finder=Schematron.ASSERTS_AND_REPORTS)

>>> xml = etree.XML('''
... <AAA name="aaa">
...   <BBB id="bbb"/>
...   <CCC color="ccc"/>
... </AAA>
... ''')

>>> schematron.validate(xml)

>>> xml = etree.XML('''
... <AAA id="aaa">
...   <BBB id="bbb"/>
...   <CCC/>
... </AAA>
... ''')

>>> schematron.validate(xml)
_append_log_message(domain, type, level, line, message, filename)

Extract embedded schematron schema from non-schematron host schema. This method will only be called by __init__ if the given schema document is not a schematron schema by itself. Must return a schematron schema document tree or None.

assertValid(self, etree)

Raises DocumentInvalid if the document does not comply with the schema.

assert_(self, etree)

Raises AssertionError if the document does not comply with the schema.

validate(self, etree)

Validate the document using this schema.

Returns true if document is valid, false if not.

ASSERTS_AND_REPORTS = //svrl:failed-assert | //svrl:successful-report
ASSERTS_ONLY = //svrl:failed-assert
_compile = <lxml.etree.XSLT object>
_domain = 28
_error_type = 4000
_expand = <lxml.etree.XSLT object>
_extract_rng = <lxml.etree.XSLT object>
_extract_xsd = <lxml.etree.XSLT object>
_include = <lxml.etree.XSLT object>
_level = 2
_validation_errors = //svrl:failed-assert

The log of validation errors and warnings.

property schematron

ISO-schematron schema document (None if object has been initialized with store_schematron=False).

property validation_report

ISO-schematron validation result report (None if result-storing has been turned off).

property validator_xslt

ISO-schematron skeleton implementation XSLT validator document (None if object has been initialized with store_xslt=False).

lxml.isoschematron._stylesheet_param_dict(paramsDict, kwargsDict)[source]

Return a copy of paramsDict, updated with kwargsDict entries, wrapped as stylesheet arguments. kwargsDict entries with a value of None are ignored.


Convert keyword args to a dictionary of stylesheet parameters. XSL stylesheet parameters must be XPath expressions, i.e.:

  • string expressions, like “‘5’”

  • simple (number) expressions, like “5”

  • valid XPath expressions, like “/a/b/text()”

This function converts native Python keyword arguments to stylesheet parameters following these rules: If an arg is a string wrap it with XSLT.strparam(). If an arg is an XPath object use its path string. If arg is None raise TypeError. Else convert arg to string.